Stepanov Anatoliy Nikolaevich, Candidate of philosophy, associate professor, sub-department of philosophy,
Samara State Technical University (244 Molodogvardeyskaya street, Samara, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The object of this article is the actual philosophical problem of social relations – axiological essence of social existence. The article analyzes the topic of axiological, aesthetic content of the designated part of the everyday worldview and everyday relationships in society. The purpose of the introduced philosophical analysis is the identification of the nature of the value content and development of aesthetic morals and civilized humanity of social relations.
Materials and methods. Presented theme is reflected in the axiology of philosophical views of the Russian thinkers of XIX–XX centuries: there literary, social, economic, political views. Methodological tools of the analysis are the aesthetic categories: the tragic and the comic, the sublime and perfect, harmonious and beautiful in person and society. The said allows to comprehend the specifics of a social-cultural factor in the dynamics of events changing the country’s image.
Results. Based on the comparative analysis of the philosophical ideas, reflected in the creative heritage of the Russian thinkers, the aesthetic outlook, actions and deeds of people are opposed to the «imprudent» and «reckless», «the dissolved» and «shameful», «bad» and «unfair ». The following human virtues and spiritual achievements of the society are considered as beautiful in form, content and substance: the cultural and moral, sensible and kind, creative and humane, fair and equitable, consistent with the identity of the axiological and aesthetic «formula of happiness» by Aristotle: «the fullness of life in the fullness of virtue». Aesthetic and ethical philosophical concept of the «spiritual beauty», «good» and «useful», is considered specifically and identically to the category of the good and beautiful, characteristic not only for physical beauty, but for the content of the moral virtues as the sublime perfection of human spirituality and social relations.
Conclusions. The theoretical findings and definitions, which are reflected in the conclusion of this article, may be applied in the following areas of human knowledge – philosophy and aesthetics, social philosophy and cultural studies, psychology and pedagogy, and, possibly, political science and jurisprudence.
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